Javan Green Magpie (Short-tailed Magpie)

Let me introduce you to the Javan Green Magpie, also known as the the Short-tailed Magpie or Cissa Thalassina.
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Striking bird, eh? The Javan Green Magpie is part of the Corvidae family. This beautiful bird is endemic to the mountain forests on the Southeast Asian islands of Borneo and Java. Yep, those are the only two places you can find the Javan Green Magpie. It lives in thick vegetation in the upper and middle levels of forests and makes only short flights.

Photo taken by Dr. Mithilesh Mishra in Kinabalu nature park. © All rights are reserved by him. Please ask his permission if you want to reuse it for any reason.

The Bornean subspecies jeffreyi has whitish eyes. The nominate subspecies from Java, as well as other members of the genus (Cissa), have dark reddish-brown eyes. The Javan Green Magpie is considered critically endangered with a population of about 50 to 249 mature individuals.1 " It has also been suggested that the total population probably does not exceed 100 individuals and could number fewer than 50 individuals, as there may be only one or two dozen birds at each of up to four sites where the species was recorded from 2001 to 2011 and may still be extant (van Balen et al. 2011)."2 These birds are endangered because of habitat loss and habitat degradation driven primarily by agricultural expansion, logging and mining. Unfortunately, they are also often trapped in cages set out for the cage-bird trade business. =( Only a small number have ever been recorded in bird markets which indicates they are caught but then killed because they are not necessary.3

As you can see from the photograph above, the Javan Green Magpie mostly eats invertebrates and small vertebrate prey as well as berries (I saw a photograph of one with a berry in its mouth).  Breeding appears to take place throughout the year, with a preference for the months with highest rainfall (October -April). Clutch size is one or two (van Balen et al. 2011 and references therein).

It is slightly larger than a blue jay.

I couldn't find much more about this beautiful bird but if you can, please share!

 
  1. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=112641 []
  2. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=112641&m=1 []
  3. van Balen et al. 2011 []

Extinct Banggai Crow (Corvus Unicolor) found alive

Corvus unicolor, the long-lost Banggai Crow, was rediscovered on Indonesia's Peleng Island. Confirmation of the rediscovery was made on 0ct. 13, 2009. Credit: Philippe Verbelen
Corvus unicolor, the long-lost Banggai Crow, was rediscovered on Indonesia's Peleng Island. Confirmation of the rediscovery was made on 0ct. 13, 2009. Credit: Philippe Verbelen
A critically endangered Indonesian crow — long feared extinct — has been rediscovered in its native habitat, scientists announced today. The all-black Banggai Crow (Corvus unicolor), known to science only by two specimens described in 1900, was found again by Indonesian biologists on Peleng Island, off the east coast of Sulawesi, Indonesia, in 2007. Pamela Rasmussen, a Michigan State University zoologist verified the finding. ... The new specimens are now catalogued at the Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense on the Indonesian island of Java. You can read more from the original article here on LiveScience.com.

Sunda Treepie

Photo by Milan Kořínek
Photo by Milan Kořínek
The Sunda Treepie or Sumatran Treepie (Dendrocitta occipitalis) is a species of bird in the Corvidae family. It is endemic to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. The Bornean Treepie (D. cinerascens) is sometimes considered to be a subspecies of this bird. (source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumatran_Treepie)